Stachys officinalis is commonly known as common hedgenettle, betony, purple betony, wood betony, bishopwort, or bishop’s wort. The French common name is betoine, and Betonie in German. It is a perennial grassland herb growing to 1 to 2 feet tall. The word stachys comes from the Greek, meaning “an ear of grain,” and refers to the fact that the inflorescence is often a spike.
Growing Zones: 4-9
Mature Height: 3-4 feet
Mature Width: 18 inches
Sowing: Start indoors in pots 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Barely cover seed. Needs warmth and light to germinate. Cold stratify seed 2 weeks prior to indoor planting.
Sow depth: ¼ in
Days to Germinate: 14-30 @ 55-65F
Special Maintenance: Cold stratify seed 2 weeks prior to indoor planting.
Sunlight: Full sun, Part Sun
Soil Type: Average
Drought Tolerance: Poor
Growth Rate: Moderate
Leaf Description: Fuzzy
Bloom Time: Summer, June-August
Bloom Description: Purple spikes
Harvest: Leaf, Flowering Tops
Harvest Time: Spring, May-June
Special Properties: Bees, Butterflies, Pollinators, Deer resistant