Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers. Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the 16th century. Red valerian, often grown in gardens, is also sometimes referred to as “valerian”, but is a different species (Centranthus ruber) from the same family and not very closely related. Valerian root may have sedative and anxiolytic effects. The amino acid valine is named after this plant.
Growing Zones: 3-9
Mature Height: 5-6 feet
Mature Width: 15-24 inches
Sowing: Start indoors in pots 10-12 weeks before the last frost or sow directly outside in the Fall. Barely cover seed. Needs light to germinate.
Sow depth: ¼ in
Days to Germinate: 7-21 @ 65-75F
Special Maintenance: n/a
Sunlight: Full sun
Soil Type: Average
Drought Tolerance: Poor
Growth Rate: Moderate
Bloom Time: Summer, June-July
Bloom Description: White, fragrant
Harvest Time: Fall, 2nd-3rd year, October-November
Special Properties: Bees, Butterflies, Pollinators, Deer resistant