Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers. Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the 16th century. Red valerian, often grown in gardens, is also sometimes referred to as “valerian”, but is a different species (Centranthus ruber) from the same family and not very closely related. Valerian root may have sedative and anxiolytic effects. The amino acid valine is named after this plant.
|Growing Zones:||3 – 9|
|Sow:||Start indoors in pots 10-12 weeks before the last frost or sow directly outside in the Fall. Barely cover seed. Needs light to germinate.|
|Sow depth:||¼ in. Barely cover.|
|Days to Germinate:||7-14 @ 60 – 65F|
|Days to harvest:||500-550|
|Bloom Description:||White, fragrant|
|Special Properties:||Bees, Butterflies, Pollinators, Deer resistant|