Herbal Properties and Actions

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Herbal Properties and Actions

Term Definition
Alterative Modifies nutrition
Analgesic Allays pain
Anodyne Allays pain
Anthelmintic Destructive to (intestinal) worms
Antiarthritic Relieves gout & arthritis
Antibacterial Destroys or suppresses growth of bacteria
Antipyretic Reduces body temperature in fevers
Antispasmodic Relieves nervous irritability and spasm
Aperitive Stimulates the appetite
Aphrodisiac Increases sexual power or excitement
Aromatic Fragrant odors/spicy tastes stimulates the gastro-intestinal tract
Astringent Shrinks tissues & prevents secretions of fluids
Bitter Bitter taste; stimulates the gastro-intestinal tract without affecting the general system
Carminative Expels gas from the gastro-intestinal tract for relief of colic or griping
Cathartic Strong laxative
Cholagogue Provokes the flow of bile
Demulcents Mucilaginous principles; soothes & protects irritated mucous membranes & tissues
Diaphoretic Increases perspiration
Digestant Aids in solution of food
Diuretic Increases the secretion of urine
Emetic Induces vomiting
Emmenagogue Brings on menstruation
Emollient Softens & protects tissue
Expectorant Promotes the discharge of mucous from the respiratory tract
Laxative Causes a bowel movement
Purgative Powerful laxative
Sedative Lowers functional activity
Stimulant Increases functional activity
Stomachic Promotes activity of the stoimach
Tonic Stimulates the system tone by stimulating nutrition
Vermifuge Causes expulsion of intestinal worms
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