Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Plant

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Description

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers. Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the 16th century.  Red valerian, often grown in gardens, is also sometimes referred to as “valerian”, but is a different species (Centranthus ruber) from the same family and not very closely related.  Valerian root may have sedative and anxiolytic effects.  The amino acid valine is named after this plant.
Type:Perennial
Family:Valerianaceae
Growing Zones:3 – 9
Native Range:Europe, western Asia
Mature Height:5 – 7 feet
Mature Width:2 – 3 feet
Spacing:1 – 2 feet
Sunlight:Full Sun
Water:Moist
Soil Type:Average
Growth Rate:Fast
Leaf Description:Large
Bloom Time:Summer
Bloom Description:White, fragrant
Harvest:Root
Harvest Time:Fall of 2nd or 3rd year
Drought Tolerance:Poor
Special Properties:Bees, Butterflies, Pollinators, Deer resistant

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